Security Trends For 2016
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Applied Cybersecurity Division Cybersecurity and Privacy Applications National Cybersecurity Center of Excellence (NCCoE) National Initiative for Cybersecurity Education (NICE)
Computer security has been a subject of serious study for at least 40 years, and a steady stream of innovations has improved our ability to protect networks and applications. But attackers have adapted and changed methods over the years as well. Where do we stand today in the battle between attackers and defenders? Are attackers gaining ground, as it often seems when reading press accounts of the latest data exposure? This analysis seeks to answer these questions using data from the US National Vulnerability Database (NVD), and to identify classes of vulnerabilities where improvements will be most cost effective.
This report is the latest in a series on SNAP participation rates, which estimate the proportion of people eligible for benefits under federal income and asset rules to those who actually participate in the program. Because the coronavirus COVID-19 public health emergency affected data collection starting in March 2020, this summary covers only the pre-pandemic period of October 2019 through February 2020. Thus, this report presents rates for the early months of fiscal year (FY) 2020, comparing them to rates for FY 2016-2018 and showing participation rates by household characteristics.
With the shift of security controls from the traditional perimeter to the cloud based providers, the traditional corporate network is becoming more and more irrelevant. In 2016, the adoption of cloud platforms and security as a service will continue.CIOs are said to move more of their perimeter security controls to these cloud based platforms as part of their efforts to reduce the physical footprints and costs they may leave while using the traditional perimeter.
The next trend that will be up for 2016 will be the adoption of formal frameworks like the SSE-CMM and NIST. With the use of these frameworks there is a reasonable assurance of a secure application development. Organizations and businesses need to ensure that that software they are building or have already built is secure and does not have loopholes for security exposure. The SSE-CMM is the way to assess this, but it does not go far enough.A full risk management framework needs to be applied to the firm to augment its other operational risk assessments. The NIST framework, developed in 2014, is becoming the standard for all insurers to assess digital and operational security risks in a structured way and to develop a roadmap to improve their cyber-security practices.
The level, sophistication, and complexity of cyber threats occurring today is a challenge for many of the IT security teams around the world.In 2016, the demand for MSS will continue to grow for the purpose of dealing with technological and personnel bottlenecks. With the MSS, need based support for timely problem solving and the usage of innovative technologies is allowed.
The technologies on Gartner Inc.'s Hype Cycle for Emerging Technologies, 2016 reveal three distinct technology trends that are poised to be of the highest priority for organizations facing rapidly accelerating digital business innovation.
Transparently immersive experiences, the perceptual smart machine age, and the platform revolution are the three overarching technology trends that profoundly create new experiences with unrivaled intelligence and offer platforms that allow organizations to connect with new business ecosystems.
The Hype Cycle for Emerging Technologies report is the longest-running annual Gartner Hype Cycle, providing a cross-industry perspective on the technologies and trends that business strategists, chief innovation officers, R&D leaders, entrepreneurs, global market developers and emerging-technology teams should consider in developing emerging-technology portfolios.
"The Hype Cycle for Emerging Technologies is unique among most Hype Cycles because it distills insights from more than 2,000 technologies into a succinct set of must-know emerging technologies and trends that will have the single greatest impact on an organization's strategic planning," said Mike J. Walker, research director at Gartner. "This Hype Cycle specifically focuses on the set of technologies that is showing promise in delivering a high degree of competitive advantage over the next five to 10 years." (see Figure 1)
"To thrive in the digital economy, enterprise architects must continue to work with their CIOs and business leaders to proactively discover emerging technologies that will enable transformational business models for competitive advantage, maximize value through reduction of operating costs, and overcome legal and regulatory hurdles," said Mr. Walker. "This Hype Cycle provides a high-level view of important emerging trends that organizations must track, as well as the specific technologies that must be monitored."
"These trends illustrate that the more organizations are able to make technology an integral part of their employees', partners' and customers' experience, the more they will be able to connect their ecosystems to platforms in new and dynamic ways," said Mr. Walker. "Also, as smart machine technologies continue to evolve, they will become part of the human experience and the digital business ecosystem."
Gartner clients can read more in the report "Hype Cycle for Emerging Technologies, 2016." This report is part of Gartner's Hype Cycle Special Report for 2016. This Special Report provides strategists and planners with an assessment of the market hype, maturity, business benefit and future direction of more than 2,000 technologies, grouped into 11 topic areas. Learn more in the complimentary webinar "Gartner Hype Cycles 2016: Major Trends and Emerging Technologies."
Emerging technologies will be further discussed during Gartner Symposium/ITxpo 2016, the world's most important gathering of CIOs and other senior IT executives. Follow news and updates on Twitter using#GartnerSYM.
The present paper reviews the main cyber events of 2016 from the perspective of governments. It outlines and analyzes key identifiable trends in cyber activities and policies worldwide such as the establishment of special national cyber strategies, enhancing research and development efforts, and strengthening international cyber collaborations and regulations. We focus mainly on major developments in the U.S, Russia, China, as well as other European and Asian powers. Our main findings show that while quantum computing and block chain technologies are developing rapidly and IoT and AI are picking up steam, governments are simultaneously improving their defensive and offensive capabilities and are trying to find new ways to deal with the emerging threats. Given the rapid pace of technological development, it remains to be seen whether these accelerated governmental efforts will succeed.
The public sees threats to jobs coming from several directions: Eight-in-ten adults say increased outsourcing of jobs to other countries hurts American workers, and roughly the same share (77%) say having more foreign-made products sold in the U.S. has been harmful. Significant shares also cite increased use of contract or temporary workers (57%) and declines in union membership (49%) as trends that are hurting, rather than helping, workers. At the same time, global markets for U.S.-made products are seen as helpful for workers by 68% of adults. And seven-in-ten say the rise of the internet and email has been a net positive.
These findings about the state of work in America emerge in the midst of a national political campaign where voters think the economy is a top concern. A separate Pew Research Center survey, conducted Sept. 1 to 4, 2016, among 1,004 adults nationwide, focused on major issues in the campaign. Offered a list of five key issues and asked which one is the most important to their vote for president, 37% of registered voters cite the economy, 18% choose health care, 14% say terrorism, 13% name immigration and 13% name gun policy.
In the immediate aftermath of the election, and over the ensuing months, electoral analysts have tried to assess two main components of how the 2016 election unfolded: the breakdown of the vote itself and the motivations for these vote choices.
Exit polls indicated that the voting electorate in 2016 was 71 percent white, 12 percent black, 11 percent Latino, and 7 percent Asian or other race. Compared to 2012, the share of white voters dropped by a percentage point, as did the share of black voters.4 The vote share of Latinos increased by a point and the vote share of Asians and all other racial minorities increased by 2 points.
As for shifts from 2012, our data show that the white vote share declined by only 0.3 percentage points in 2016. We found that the black vote share declined by 1.1 points, which mirrors the exit poll results, while the Latino vote share increased by 0.9 points and the vote share of Asians or other races increased by 0.5 points. So, other than shifts in the black vote share, we generally found less change in the racial/ethnic structure of the voting electorate between the two elections.
The biggest and arguably most important difference between the exit polls and our data on vote composition lies in the division of white voters between those who are college-educated, with a 4-year college degree, and those who are not college-educated, with only some college education or less. Briefly put, the exit polls radically overestimated the share of white college-educated voters and radically underestimated the share of white non-college-educated voters.5 The exit polls claimed that white college graduates actually outnumbered non-college-educated white voters at the polls in 2016, 37 to 34 percent. Our data indicate a vastly different story: white college graduates were only about 29 percent of voters, while their non-college-educated counterparts far outdistanced them at 45 percent of voters. 2b1af7f3a8